Narrative is one of the fundamental ways in which we organnize the world. In recent years the study of narrative has acquired a new and prominent role in theorizing film theory.
How do you study narratology?
- You should study theories about the nature of those patterns and structures, which are created while consciuonsly reading a text;
- You should look at the concept of causality, space and time and how they have been perceived as data in an imagined story world;
- You should ask yourself how to represent a particular event within a narrative schema;
- You should also expand the concept of the spectator’s knowledge beyond immediate seeing to include other influences: cultural expectations, memory of previous scenes and the sound track;
- You should create a hierarchy of roles or levels which describes the typical ways in which a reader participates in a novel.
It isn’t a simple task, but Edward Branigan has done it in his Narrative Comprehension and Film. His principal references are Todorov’s causal-transformation theory of narrative and Stephen Heath’s theory of displacement.
Edward Branigan offers us a great deal of substance and a range of attractive speculative insights. The book explain us how to relate the double argument about narrative in film and human perception as interpretive construals.